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dc.contributor.author Malkappa, Kuruma
dc.contributor.author Bandyopadhyay, J
dc.contributor.author Ray, Suprakas S
dc.date.accessioned 2019-03-05T10:03:15Z
dc.date.available 2019-03-05T10:03:15Z
dc.date.issued 2018-10
dc.identifier.citation Malkappa, K., Bandyopadhyay, J. and Ray, S.S. 2018. Thermal degradation characteristic and flame retardancy of polylactide-based nanobiocomposites. Molecules, vol. 23(10): https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23102648 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1420-3049
dc.identifier.uri https://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/23/10/2648
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23102648
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10204/10743
dc.description Open access article published in Molecules: https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23102648 en_US
dc.description.abstract Polylactide (PLA) is one of the most widely used organic bio-degradable polymers. However, it has poor flame retardancy characteristics. To address this disadvantage, we performed melt-blending of PLA with intumescent flame retardants (IFRs; melamine phosphate and pentaerythritol) in the presence of organically modified montmorillonite (OMMT), which resulted in nanobiocomposites with excellent intumescent char formation and improved flame retardant characteristics. Triphenyl benzyl phosphonium (OMMT-1)- and tributyl hexadecyl phosphonium (OMMT-2)-modified MMTs were used in this study. Thermogravimetric analysis in combination with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy showed that these nanocomposites release a smaller amount of toxic gases during thermal degradation than unmodified PLA. Melt-rheological behaviors supported the conclusions drawn from the cone calorimeter data and char structure of the various nanobiocomposites. Moreover, the characteristic of the surfactant used for the modification of MMT played a crucial role in controlling the fire properties of the composites. For example, the nanocomposite containing 5 wt.% OMMT-1 showed significantly improved fire properties with a 47% and 68% decrease in peak heat and total heat release rates, respectively, as compared with those of unmodified PLA. In summary, melt-blending of PLA, IFR, and OMMT has potential in thedevelopment of high-performance PLA-based sustainable materials. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher MDPI en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Worklist;22062
dc.subject Polylactides en_US
dc.subject PLA en_US
dc.subject Bio-degradable polymers en_US
dc.subject Nanobiocomposites en_US
dc.subject Polylactide nanocomposites en_US
dc.subject Intumescent flame retardancy en_US
dc.subject Synergistic effect en_US
dc.title Thermal degradation characteristic and flame retardancy of polylactide-based nanobiocomposites en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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