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Browsing by Author "Jonker Klunne, W"

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  • Jonker Klunne, W (2012-05)
    The article will investigate the different barriers in southern Africa toward (rural) electrification and the application of renewable energy technologies in general and to those hampering the uptake of small hydropower ...
  • Jonker Klunne, W (Astral, 2015-01)
    Large potential exists for small and micro hydropower in the southern African region, both for grid as well as off-grid applications. Within the region a good understanding exists on the potential for large scale hydro and ...
  • Jonker Klunne, W (Alive2green, 2013-01)
    Worldwide increasing attention to energy consumption and associated environmental impacts thereof has resulted in a critical attitude towards energy usage of building. Increasing costs of energy and dependence on energy ...
  • Jonker Klunne, W (SALEM Press, 2012-10)
    Hydropower is currently the most common source of renewable energy, accounting for more than 3,400 terawatts, or about 16 percent of global electricity production, in 2010. As hydropower uses a fuel—water from the hydrologic ...
  • Jonker Klunne, W; Michael, EG (2009-08)
    Local small scale hydropower resources can play an important role in providing electricity to rural areas in Africa, in particular those areas remote from the national grid. The large knowledge base on technical aspects ...
  • Jonker Klunne, W (Global Trade Media, 2011-10)
    To enhance the uptake of microhydro technology local stakeholders need to be made aware of the opportunities for the technology and coordinated efforts required to get this technology thriving again. To make people aware ...
  • Jonker Klunne, W (Journal of Energy in Southern Africa, 2013-08)
    This paper looks at the status of small hydropower in Lesotho, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland and Zimbabwe. For each country, an overview will be given of the electricity sector and the role of hydropower, the potential ...
  • Jonker Klunne, W (ISES, 2011-08)
    The article will focus around the use of the Internet to build a virtual community around the technology of microhydro to boast the uptake of the technology by analyzing the microhydropower.net internet portal and associated ...
  • Jonker Klunne, W; Michael, E (UNIDO, 2013)
    The East African region comprises 20 countries, 14 of which use small hydropower at various degrees. The East African Power Pool (EAPP) plays an important role in the future of energy within the region. One of the main ...
  • Jonker Klunne, W (Small Hydropower World, 2013)
    Lesotho does not have any known indigenous sources of oil, coal or natural gas. About three quarters of its total energy demand is met by biomass fuels in the forms of wood, shrubs, animals manure and agricultural residues. ...
  • Jonker Klunne, W (United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), 2013)
    The total installed electricity capacity in Mozambique is 2.308 GW in 2009, nearly all generated exclusively from hydropower (99.7 per cent). Mozambique has large reserves of coal. There are utilizable reserves of natural ...
  • Jonker Klunne, W (United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), 2013)
    South Africa has a total electricity generation capacity of about 45,000 MW. Nearly 90 per cent of electricity is generated in coal-fired power stations. Koeberg, a large nuclear station near Cape Town, provides about five ...
  • Jonker Klunne, W; Michael, E (Small Hydropower World, 2013)
    The Southern African region comprises five countries, of which Lesotho, Namibia, Swaziland and South Africa use small hydropower, with Namibia currently having a very limited use of this technology. Botswana does not possess ...
  • Jonker Klunne, W (United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), 2013)
    Power in Swaziland is supplied and distributed by the Swaziland Electricity Company (SEC), which was established in 2007 by the Swaziland Electricity Company Act. SEC currently has a monopoly on the import, distribution ...
  • Jonker Klunne, W (United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), 2013)
    In rural Zimbabwe, 80-90 per cent of people are heavily dependent on wood fuel. Rural populations light their homes with kerosene and carry out essential food processing tasks such as milling grain, using diesel powered ...